The Hungarian People's Republic (Hungarian: Magyar Népköztársaság), commonly known as Hungary is the period of Hungarian history that covers from 20 August 1949 until 23 October 1989 when the country was ruled as a socialist republic. It was governed by the Socialist Workers' Party, which was under the influence of the Soviet Union pursuant to the Moscow Conference (1944) during which Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin had agreed that after the war Hungary was to be allocated to the Soviet sphere of influence.
The People's Republic of Hungary remained in existence until 1989 when opposition forces consolidated in forcing upon the government to abandon communism. The state considered itself the heir to the Hungarian Soviet Republic, which was formed in 1919 as the first communist state created after Soviet Russia. It was designated a people's democratic republic by the Soviet Union in the 1940s. Geographically, it bordered Romania and the Soviet Union (via the Ukraine) to the east; Yugoslavia to the south-west; Czechoslovakia to the north and Austria to the west.
ÚTLEVÉL is passport, or more literally, Roadletter.