The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Großdeutsches Reich (Greater German Reich) from 1943 to 1945. The period is also known under the names the Third Reich (German: Drittes Reich) and the National Socialist Period (German: Zeit des Nationalsozialismus, abbreviated as NS-Zeit). The Nazi regime came to an end after the Allied Powers defeated Germany in May 1945.
Racism was a central feature of the regime. The Germanic peoples (the Nordic race) were considered by the Nazis to be the purest branch of the Aryan race, and were therefore viewed as the master race. Education focused on racial biology, population policy, and fitness for military service. The ideology of Nazism brought together elements of antisemitism, racial hygiene, and eugenics, and combined them with pan-Germanism and territorial expansionism with the goal of obtaining more Lebensraum for the Germanic people. Nazi Germany's racial policy was based on their belief in the existence of a superior master race. The Nazis postulated the existence of a racial conflict between the Aryan master race and inferior races, particularly Jews, who were viewed as a mixed race that had infiltrated society and were responsible for the exploitation and repression of the Aryan race.
Germany has a long tradition of bureaucracy, everything has to be accurately documented, stamped, filed and organized. The National Socialists perfected this system and created a complex identity documents system that has no match anywhere else in the world. Every organization, sports club, hobby group or what ever else it might have been where a number of people with the same interests met created an identity document, some with, some without photo. In one way or another they were all somehow affiliated to the Nazi party, attended meetings were recorded in these documents, paid fees were documented, work or military history/career, virtually everything. Often several ID documents were linked together and the entries in each document had to match with the other ID documents.
Civilian Identity Card (Kennkarte)
|MP-90||GOOD||German Third Reich - Civilian Identity Card 'Kennkarte' (1943) Issued in Mainz|
There are four types of standard passports issued during Deutsches Reich.
|1||Weimar eagle on the front cover but Nazi eagle and swastika stamps on the inside.|
|2||In May 1936, the Weimar eagle was replaced with a Hoheitszeichen (eagle and swastika) wedged between the DEUTSCHES REICH and REISEPASS.|
|3||The Hoheitszeichen had been placed at the top of the front cover and passport number perforated all the way through the front and back covers and the internal 32 pages.|
|4||Similar to type 3, but passport number printed at the bottom of the front cover and on each subsequent page making it much more difficult to counterfeit.|
The internal pages of these passports are all identical and all were issued by the Polizeipräsident (Head of the Police).
|MP-66||2||Germany : Passport - Type 2 (1937 - 1942) Issued During Third Reich / Nazi Germany Period|
|2||Germany : Passport - Type 2 (1939 — 1941) Issued in Schleswig During Third Reich / Period of Nazi Germany|
|4||Germany : Passport - Type 4 (1940 — 1945) Issued During Third Reich / Period of Nazi Germany|
Germany : Passport - Type 4 (1940) Issued During Third Reich / Nazi Germany Period
Variety - Blanked swastika.
There also was a version for Jews, the document was nearly identical but had a letter "J" stamped into the name section of the passport.
Service Passport (Dienstpass)
Employment Record Book (Arbeitsbuchs)
The work book was a result of the Labor Law of February 1935 that required labor registration and the use of the appropiate document. The purpose of the Arbeitsbuch was to document the work history of each German citizen. During the twelve years of the Third Reich the Arbeitsbuch came in three editions. The main dif-ference were the variations of the cover. The first style (far left) came with a Weimar eagle and small swastikas on all four corners and the words Deutsches Reich andArbeitsbuch in the old German Fraktur lettering. On the cover of the second style the Nazi eagle replaced the Weimar eagle and the swastikas in the corners were discon-tinued. The third style had a slightly changed Nazi eagle but the Fraktur lettering was replaced by the simpler Altschrift. The Arbeitsbuch had, depending on which edition, between 32 and 38 pages. This document was for German citizens only, foreigners who worked in the Reich had to carry a similar book which was printed on a different color paper and which contained a photo of the owner while no photo was required in the domestic document.
It contained information on every job its bearer had during his working life (with dates, employer and type of employment given, but excluding military service which was documented in the Wehrpassand certain other exceptions like employment as a civil service official) and was handed over by the employee to the employer when taking up work there; the employer made the relevant entries into the document, kept it for the duration of the holder's employment and handed it back to him or her when he/she left the employer's service.
Firms were prohibited by law to hire anybody without a valid workbook; the purpose of this document - whose data were also kept with the labor office's records - was to aid in the disposition of the available workforce and to help in registering so-called "Arbeitsscheue" (= persons who were deemed "unwilling to work" and considered anti-social by the Nazis)
The cover of the Arbeitsbuch for German nationals was of similiar design, but brown and marked "Deutsches Reich" above and "Arbeitsbuch" below the national insigne, which on early examples was still of the style with drooping wings and without the Swastika.
Two major varieties: German and "Work book for foreigners".
Aryan Certificate (Ariernachweis)
|MP-16||GOOD||Germany : Certificate of Nationality (1940) Issued During Third Reich / Nazi Germany Period|
Family Book (Ahnenpaß) & Family Tree Book (Familien Stammbuch)
3 types were seen: green, brown, beige, peach
http://www.od43.com/TR_Documents_3.html download and keep all variants
Ahnenpass and Deutsches Einheits-Familienstammbuch
(Aryan Family Tree Record and Family Tree Book)
The Ahnenpass was published by order of the NSDAP. The entire purpose of this document was to prove and record the Aryan descent of one individual. The Ahnenpass was a 48-pages document where all ancestors to line 63 and beyond could be documented. All entries had to be checked and notarized by either a church registrar or municipal registrar office. It was a mandatory document for NSDAP members, officers in the Wehrmacht and for the SS Aryan descent was a must anyway. The Ahnenpass came in a variation of different covers. The 135 x 210mm book-like 60-pages Familien-Stammbuch existed long before the Nazis came to power but the concept of recording a family tree was greatly expanded in 1938 in Third Reich Germany. A Stammbuch was given to each couple at the time of their marriage (this is still the case in todays Germany). There were forms to record every birth and death in the family, the entries had to be made and notarized by the municipal Registrar's Office. The document also contained a fold-out "Ahnentafel" (lineage table) and space to enter important religious events such as baptisms and confirmations. At the end of the Stammbuch was a very interesting dictionary of Nazi terms and a list of typical and traditional German names for potential children.
The Ahnenpass was published by the Zentralverlag der NSDAP, the Nazi party publishing house.
Retunee Identity Card (Rückkehrer Ausweis)
Issued by the office of the Chief of the Sicherheitspolizei and Sicherheitsdienst.
This Kennkarte-type document was issued to persons of German blood who had acquired a foreign nationality by being born outside the German Reich who applied to become German again. The four pages document in A6 size when folded (105x150mm) was made out of grey leinen. In Third Reich Germany it was a significant issue having or not having "German blood" and therefore the cases of all emigrants returning to Germany where handled by the Einwandererzentralstelle (Central Immigration Agency) administered by the Chief of the Sicherheitspolizei and Sicherheitsdienst (SD), Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. Rückkehrer and Aussiedler Ausweise were not available through ordinary channels.